In the previous parts you have read that an RJ procedure is based on several principles and values. As a facilitator of a RJ procedure it is important to work in line with these principles. There are a few preconditions that need to be met when you work with RJ to prevent secondary victimization.
Secondary victimisation is “the victimisation that occurs not as a direct result of the criminal act but through the response of institutions and individuals to the victim”. Secondary victimization can appear in many forms and also during the RJ process. While restorative justice has advantages for victims, there is a risk of secondary victimization. Offenders could exacerbate the victim’s trauma in case victim and offender meet each other. It is important for the faciliator to be aware of this risk and being able to minimalize it so the victim is able to actually restore from the crime.
Features of an RJ procedure
In order to facilitate an effective restorative practice and to prevent secondary victimization, there are a few features that need to be met working with a restorative apprach: